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(FGM) in Africa

September 3, 2010 Leave a comment

Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Africa
afrol News – FGM

News articles
» 27.01.2003 – Egyptians mobilise against female genital mutilation
» 29.10.2002 – Togolese anti-FGM legislation shows results
» 01.10.2002 – Female genital mutilation punished effectively in Burkina Faso
» 20.08.2002 – Djiboutian Minister teaches West women’s liberation
» 22.01.2002 – Alternatives to FGM in Guinea-Bissau
» 29.10.2001 – Senegal determined to eliminate female genital mutilation
» 26.06.2001 – Tanzania fails to enforce law against female mutilation
» 26.05.2001 – Djibouti to fight female genital mutilation
» 18.03.2001 – Call for worldwide ban of FGM
» 10.03.2001 – Women campaigns against genital mutilation successful
» 17.12.2000 – Kenyan court prevents father from mutilating daughters
» 11.12.2000 – Missionaries successful in curbing female mutilation in Kenya
» 08.12.2000 – One woman’s crusade against female mutilation on Internet
» 30.11.2000 – Europe impotent in fighting female mutilation among African women
» 29.11.2000 – African emigrants fight to curb female mutilation in Europe

Background / Analyses
» Fighting Female Genital Mutilation in Africa
» Data: Prevalence of FGM in Africa
In Internet
Rising Daughters Aware

Map
The following map outlines the approximate prevalence of FGM in Africa. For more detailed data, see table below.

Important note on data:
There are no exact data on the prevalence of FGM in Africa. The map is based on data selected from various sources, destined not to have used the same methology collecting them. Most available data were on a country basis, though often named peoples were singled out as practising FGM. These data were thus projected on the approximate areas these people inhabit. Note that the map’s scale is very coarse, the presentation not giving room for the very many local variations in prevalence.

As a very coarse and general illustration, the map however has some analythic value. For example, as clearly will be seen, although FGM is most common in Muslim countries, FGM prevalence in no way follows the prevalence of Islam. Rather, FGM prevalence seems to follow regional cultures independent on religion.

Basic country FGM facts

Select country:

FGM Prevalence:

Legal status:

Religion:

Population:

GDP/capita:

FGM by type
The World Health Organization classifies FGM into four types:

•Type I. Excision of the prepuce, with or without excision of part or all of the clitoris.

•Type II. Excision of the clitoris with partial or total excision of the labia minora.

•Type Ill. Excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation).

•Type IV. Unclassified: this includes pricking, piercing or incising of the clitoris and/or labia; stretching of the clitoris and/or labia cauterization by burning of the clitoris and surrounding tissue.

FGM practices by country and type
Country Prevalence Type
Benin 5-50% excision
Burkina Faso up to 70% excision
Cameroon local clitoridectomy and excision
Central Afr. Republic 45-50% clitoridectomy and excision
Chad 60% excision and infibulation
Comoros very local excision
Côte d’Ivoire up to 60% excision
DRC (Congo) local excision
Djibouti 98% excision and infibulation
Egypt 85-95% clitoridectomy, excision and infibulation
Eritrea 95% clitoridectomy, excision and infibulation
Ethiopia 70-90% clitoridectomy, excision and infibulation
Gambia 60-90% excision and infibulation
Ghana 15-30% excision
Guinea 65-90% clitoridectomy, excision and infibulation
Guinea Bissau local clitoridectomy and excision
Kenya 50% clitoridectomy, excision and some infibulation
Liberia 50% excision
Mali 94% clitoridectomy, excision and infibulation
Mauritania 25% clitoridectomy and excision
Niger local excision
Nigeria 60-90% clitoridectomy, excision, some infibulation
Senegal 20% excision
Sierra Leone 90% excision
Somalia 98% infibulation
Sudan 90% infibulation and excision
Tanzania 18% excision, infibulation
Togo 12% excision
Uganda local clitoridectomy and excision

Based on statistics from Amnesty International and US govt.

Sources: Based on UN agencies, Amnesty, US govt. and afrol archives

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